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Civil War


Humanities - Ancient Rome - Roman Republic - Year 12


The civil war in ancient Rome lasted from 49 to 45 BC and was one of the last major internal conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the empire. It began with the clashes between Guy Julius Caesar (100-44 BC), his political supporters (populists) and loyal legions against the optimas led by Gnaeus Pompey the Great.

The fighting lasted four years in the territory of many Roman provinces: Italy, Africa, Illyria, Egypt, Spain, Achaea. The victory was won by Caesar, which allowed him to receive the status of a lifelong dictator. Despite the fact that a year later he was killed, these events subsequently led to the fall of the republican system and the establishment of the monarchical power of Octavian Augustus, the adoptive son of Caesar.

Curated Web Links - Ancient Roman Republic

The Roman Empire - The fall of the Roman Republic (Penn State University)

Lecture 26: Fall of the Roman Republic, 133-27 BC (Purdue University)

History Collection: Ancient Men of Power - The Roman Republic's Most Influential Leaders

The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic: The Crisis of the Republic

Epilogue: The Fall of the Roman Republic
By Crook, J. A ; Lintott, Andrew ; and Rawson, Elizabeth. Cambridge Ancient History, Cambridge 1994. Book Chapter. Discusses whether Rome declined or whether it was assassinated. Accessed via JSTOR database.

The Fall of the Roman Republic
By Ridley, RT, in Agora Magazine, March 2016, Vol.51(1), p.63-66. Accessed via History Reference Centre database. Excellent summary of the causes of the fall of the Roman Empire.

Video - Fall of the Roman Republic

Tullow Centre Library, Brigidine College. 2022