Skip to Main Content

Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa : Resources



Federation of South African Women (FEDSAW). Britannica

Federation of South African Women (FEDSAW), multiracial women’s organization that was one of the most important antiapartheid organizations in South Africa. The Federation of South African Women (FEDSAW) was founded in 1954 by two members of South Africa’s communist party, Rachel (Ray) Alexander Simons, a trade union leader, and Hilda Bernstein, a member of the Johannesburg city council. 

Curated Sources - About Apartheid


Liberation Organisations

 Political parties were formed such as the African National Congress (ANC), the South African Communist Party (SACP), the South African Indian Congress, and the South African Congress of Democrats. In the 1950s, most of these parties formed a multi-racial alliance against apartheid.

Federation of South African Women 

Pan African Congress
The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) was officially established on April 5-6, 1959 with the goal of ending white domination in South Africa and returning the land to its original and rightful owners.


Tullow Centre Library, Brigidine College. 2022